CBD, short for cannabidiol, is one of the many active chemical compounds called cannabinoids found in all variations of the cannabis plant, but is particularly present in its industrial variant, hemp. Many people confuse “cannabis” with marijuana but cannabis is a genus of plants, which branches into different versions including marijuana and hemp. The CBD itself is extracted from cannabis plants where manufacturers then take that extract and through an industrial process, transfer the compound into an oil solution known to us as CBD Oil.
THC has long been the most well-known and studied cannabinoid but CBD, the second most prevalent cannabinoid found in cannabis, is now gaining momentum and popularity in the scientific community and with the public. Unlike its cousin cannabinoid THC, CBD is non-psychoactive. CBD is a naturally occurring substance that is used in products such as CBD oils and CBD gummies to impart a feeling of relaxation and calm.
When CBD is introduced to humans and other mammals, the cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid biological system. The endocannabinoid system is an essential part of our neuro-immuno-endocrine network, which is the system of organ and tissue signaling in the human body that sends and receives chemical messages for many aspects of human health including mood, pain, inflammation, stress response, and immune function. Recent science has found that the endocannabinoid system does not just respond to the endocannabinoids produced in the body, but also respond to external cannabinoids like CBD. CBD acts upon CB1 and CBD2 receptors located throughout the body to produce a variety of potentially positive outcomes. By stimulating the endocannabinoid system, CBD helps regulate various cognitive and physiological processes to promote homeostasis, reduce pain sensation and decrease inflammation.